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hypersomnia
idiopathic hypersomnia

Hypersomnia is also referred to as excessive daytime sleepiness or excessive time spent during the day time sleeping. Hypersomnolence is a condition in which it’s difficult to stay awake for a person during the daytime.

 People who are suffering from idiopathic hypersomnia can fell sleep at any time, for instance, while they are working or driving.

Sometimes they also have other problems related to sleep, including a lack of energy and unclear thinking.

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What is the cause of idiopathic hypersomnia?

There are various potential causes of hypersomnolence that includes:

  • The daytime sleepiness (sleeping disorders narcolepsy) and  interruptions of breathing during sleep (sleep apnea)
  • Not getting sufficient sleep at night (sleep deficiency)
  • Use of  Drug or alcohol
  • A head injury or neurological diseases, such as multiple sclerosis or Parkinson’s disease
  • Being overweight
  • Prescription drugs, such as tranquilizers or antihistamines
  • Genetics (having a relative with hypersomnia)
  • Depression or Stress

How do I know if I have idiopathic hypersomnia?

Diagnosing:  If you consistently feel sleepiness (drowsy) during the day, you have to talk to your doctor.  In idiopathic hypersomnia diagnosing, your doctor asks you about your sleeping habits, how many hours you have sleep at night or you fall asleep during the day while working.

Your doctor may also want to know about your emotional situation or taking any drugs that may interfere with your sleep.

What are the types of hypersomnia?

There are two types: Primary and Secondary

hypersomnia
  1. Primary hypersomnia symptom is only excessive fatigue with no other medical conditions present.
  2. Secondary hypersomnia is while occurs due to other medical symptoms. These are kidney failure, Parkinson’s disease, sleep apnea, and chronic fatigue syndrome. Due to these conditions patients receive poor sleep at night, which leads the patient to feel tired during the day time.

People with hypersomnolence can stay awake during the day on their own, but they feel tiredness and lack of energy in their bodies.

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Who has a potential risk of idiopathic hypersomnia?

People having regular smoking or drinking habits are at risk of developing hypersomnia.

People work in conditions that make them tired in a day are also at risk of developing hypersomnolence. The American Sleep Association states that the condition affects men more than women.

What are the symptoms of hypersomnia?

The key sign of hypersomnolence is continuous drowsiness. People with idiopathic hypersomnia may take naps during the day without ever releasing sleepiness. They also have trouble awakening from long periods of sleep.

Other symptoms of idiopathic include are:

  • low energy
  • Excessive sleep of 10+ hours in night and day naps.
  • restlessness
  • slow thinking or speech
  • anxiety
  • irritability
  • Cognitive dysfunction: Includes memory issues, automatic behavior, and difficulties with concentration and attention.
  • difficulty remembering
  • loss of appetite
  • Long unrefreshing naps.
hypersomnia

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What are the treatment options for Excessive sleeping?

Treatments for this disorder can vary, dependent on the cause of your excessive sleeping.

Numerous drugs proposed for narcolepsy can treat hypersomnolence. These include modafinil, methylphenidate, and amphetamine. These drugs are stimulants that help you feel more awake.

Lifestyle changes are a key factor in the treatment process. A doctor may suggest getting on a regular sleeping schedule. Avoiding certain activities can also improve symptoms, especially around bedtime. Most people with hypersomnolence shouldn’t drink alcohol or use drugs. A doctor may also suggest a high-nutrition diet to maintain energy levels naturally.

  • Make a consistent sleeping schedule
  • Do not drink caffeine and alcoholic beverages
  • Talk to others about your problem and get help from those who are close to you.
  • Do not try to extend yourself to do more.

How can you prevent hypersomnia?

There is no way to prevent some forms of hypersomnia. You can minimize the risk of hypersomnolence by making peaceful sleeping surroundings and avoiding alcohol. Also, avoid drugs that cause sleepiness and avoid working late at night

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